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|Product Name:||Liquid Ammonia||Purity:||99.9%-99.999%|
|CAS No.:||7664-41-7||EINECS No.:||231-635-3|
|Density:||681.9 Kg/m3 At −33.3 °C (liquid)||Acidity:||32.5 (−33 °C)|
|Basicity:||4.75||Odor:||Strong Pungent Odour|
Industrial Grade Nitrogen / NH3 Organic Liquid Nitrogen Compound
Ammonia or azane is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3. It is a colourless gas with a characteristic pungent smell. Ammonia contributes significantly to the nutritional needs of terrestrial organisms by serving as a precursor to food and fertilizers.
The hydrogen in ammonia is capable of replacement by metals, thus magnesium burns in the gas with the formation of magnesium nitride Mg3N2, and when the gas is passed over heated sodium or potassium, sodamide, NaNH2, and potassamide, KNH2, are formed. Where necessary in substitutive nomenclature, IUPAC recommendations prefer the name "azane" to ammonia: hence chloramine would be named "chloroazane" in substitutive nomenclature, not "chloroammonia".
Pentavalent ammonia is known as λ5-amine, or more commonly, ammonium hydride. This crystalline solid is only stable under high pressure, and decomposes back into trivalent ammonia and hydrogen gas at normal conditions. This substance was once investigated as a possible solid rocket fuel in 1966.
Ammonia can act as a ligand in transition metal complexes. It is a pure σ-donor, in the middle of the spectrochemical series, and shows intermediate hard-soft behaviour.
1. Physical properties
|Hazardous class for transort||2.3|
2. Typical technical data (COA)
|High Grade||First Class|
|Oil mg/kg ≤||5||1.6|
|Fe mg/kg ≤||1||0.7|
|Cylinder Size||Filling Weight (kg)||
|Fertilizer||Globally, approximately 88% of ammonia is used as fertilizers
either as its salts, solutions or anhydrously. When applied to soil, it helps provide increased yields of crops such as maize and wheat
|Precursor to nitrogenous compounds||Ammonia is directly or indirectly the precursor to most nitrogen-containing compounds|
|Cleaner||Household ammonia is a solution of NH3 in water used as a general purpose cleaner for many surfaces|
|Fermentation||Solutions of ammonia ranging from 16% to 25% are used in the fermentation industry as a source of nitrogen for microorganisms and to adjust pH during fermentation|
|Antimicrobial agent for food products||Anhydrous ammonia is currently used commercially to reduce or eliminate microbial contamination of beef|
Because of ammonia's vaporization properties, it is a useful refrigerant. It was commonly used prior to the popularisation of chlorofluorocarbons (s). Anhydrous ammonia is widely used in industrial refrigeration applications and hockey rinks because of its high energy
efficiency and low cost
|For remediation of gaseous emissions||
Ammonia is used to scrub SO2 from the burning of fossil fuels, and the resulting product is converted to ammonium sulfate for use as fertilizer.
8.As a fuel - The raw energy density of liquid ammonia is 11.5 MJ/L,which is about a third that of diesel
|As a stimulant||Ammonia, as the vapor released by smelling salts, has found significant use as a respiratory stimulant. Ammonia is commonly used in the illegal manufacture of methamphetamine through a Birch reduction|
|Textile||Liquid ammonia is used for treatment of cotton materials, giving properties like mercerisation, using alkalis. In particular, it is used for prewashing of wool|
|Lifting gas||At standard temperature and pressure, ammonia is less dense than atmosphere, and has approximately 60% of the lifting power of hydrogen or helium. Ammonia has sometimes been used to fill weather balloons as a lifting gas|
|Woodworking||Ammonia has been used to darken quartersawn white oak in Arts & Crafts and Mission-style furniture. Ammonia fumes react with the natural tannins in the wood and cause it to change colours|