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|Purity:||99.9% , 99.999%, 99.9995%||MF:||N2O|
|CAS No.:||10024-97-2||Molar Mass:||44.013 G/mol|
|EINECS No.:||233-032-0||Density:||1.977 G/L|
|Vapor Pressure:||5150 KPa (20 °C)||Refractive Index:||1.000516|
Pharmaceutical Grade Laughing Gas N2O, Food Grade Laughing Gas Nitrous Oxide, Industrial Grade Laughing Gas
Nitrous oxide can also be used in a monopropellant rocket. In the presence of a heated catalyst, N2O will decompose exothermically into nitrogen and oxygen, at a temperature of approximately 1,070 °F (577 °C). Because of the large heat release, the catalytic action rapidly becomes secondary as thermal autodecomposition becomes dominant. In a vacuum thruster, this can provide a monopropellant specific impulse of as much as 180 s. While noticeably less than the Isp available from hydrazine thrusters (monopropellant or bipropellant with dinitrogen tetroxide), the decreased toxicity makes nitrous oxide an option worth investigating.
Nitrous oxide is said to deflagrate somewhere around 600 °C (1,112 °F) at a pressure of 21 atmospheres. At 600 psi for example, the required ignition energy is only 6 joules, whereas N2O at 130 psi a 2500-joule ignition energy input is insufficient.
1. Physical properties
|Hazardous class for transort||2.2|
2. Typical technical data (COA)
|Item||Pure N2O||High purity N2O|
|nitrogen||<=10 ppm||<=5 ppm|
|Oxygen and Argon||<=2 ppm||<=1 ppm|
|Total Hydrocarbons (as CH4)||<=1 ppm||<=1 ppm|
|Carbon Monoxide||<=1 ppm||<=1 ppm|
|Carbon Dioxide||<=2 ppm||<=1 ppm|
|Moisture||<=3 ppm||<=1 ppm|
|Ammonia||<=1 ppm||<=0.5 ppm|
|Nitric Oxide||<=1 ppm||<=0.5 ppm|
|Nitrogen Dioxide||<=1 ppm||<=0.5 ppm|
|40ltr||25kgs||CGA 326||According to the valve type|
|43ltr||25kgs||CGA 326||According to the valve type|
|Other sizes and standards also available|
Nitrous oxide can be used as an oxidizer in a rocket motor.
It is also used as an oxidizer in rocketry and in motor racing to increase the
power output of engines.
It is approved for use as a food additive (also known as E942), specifically as
an aerosol spray propellant.
It is used in surgery and dentistry for its anesthetic and analgesic effects.
It is known as "laughing gas" due to the euphoric effects of inhaling it, a
property that has led to its recreational use as a dissociative anesthetic.