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|Purity:||99.9%-99.999%||Product Name:||Liquid Ammonia|
|CAS No.:||7664-41-7||EINECS No.:||231-635-3|
|Density:||0.86 Kg/m3 (1.013 Bar At Boiling Point)||Solubility:||Soluble In Chloroform, Ether, Ethanol, Methanol|
|Appearance:||Colourless Gas||Odor:||Strong Pungent Odour|
Colourless Pungent Acid Industrial Gases Ammonia NH3 Refrigeration
Ammonia is found in trace quantities in nature, being produced from the nitrogenous animal and vegetable matter. Ammonia and ammonium salts are also found in small quantities in rainwater, whereas ammonium chloride, and ammonium sulfate are found in volcanic districts; crystals of ammonium bicarbonate have been found in Patagonian guano. The kidneys secrete ammonia to neutralize excess acid. Ammonium salts are found distributed through fertile soil and in seawater.
Ammonia is also found throughout the Solar System on Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto, among other places: on smaller, icy worlds like Pluto, ammonia can act as a geologically important antifreeze, as a mixture of water and ammonia can potentially have a melting point of as low as 173 kelvins if the ammonia concentration is high enough and thus allow such worlds to retain internal oceans and active geology far longer than would be possible with water alone. Substances containing ammonia, or those that are similar to it, are called ammoniacal.
Liquid ammonia possesses strong ionising powers reflecting its high ε of 22. Liquid ammonia has a very high standard enthalpy change of vaporization (23.35 kJ/mol, cf. water 40.65 kJ/mol, methane 8.19 kJ/mol, phosphine 14.6 kJ/mol) and can therefore be used in laboratories in uninsulated vessels without additional refrigeration. See liquid ammonia as a solvent.
Ammonia is miscible with water. In an aqueous solution, it can be expelled by boiling. The aqueous solution of ammonia is basic. The maximum concentration of ammonia in water (a saturated solution) has a density of 0.880 g/cm3 and is often known as '.880 ammonia'. Ammonia does not burn readily or sustain combustion, except under narrow fuel-to-air mixtures of 15–25% air.
1. Physical properties
|Hazardous class for transort||2.3|
2. Typical technical data (COA)
|High Grade||First Class|
|Oil mg/kg ≤||5||1.6|
|Fe mg/kg ≤||1||0.7|
|Cylinder Size||Filling Weight (kg)||
|Fertilizer||Globally, approximately 88% of ammonia is used as fertilizers
either as its salts, solutions or anhydrously. When applied to soil, it helps provide increased yields of crops such as maize and wheat
|Precursor to nitrogenous compounds||Ammonia is directly or indirectly the precursor to most nitrogen-containing compounds|
|Cleaner||Household ammonia is a solution of NH3 in water used as a general purpose cleaner for many surfaces|
|Fermentation||Solutions of ammonia ranging from 16% to 25% are used in the fermentation industry as a source of nitrogen for microorganisms and to adjust pH during fermentation|
|Antimicrobial agent for food products||Anhydrous ammonia is currently used commercially to reduce or eliminate microbial contamination of beef|
Because of ammonia's vaporization properties, it is a useful refrigerant. It was commonly used prior to the popularisation of chlorofluorocarbons (s). Anhydrous ammonia is widely used in industrial refrigeration applications and hockey rinks because of its high energy
efficiency and low cost
|For remediation of gaseous emissions||
Ammonia is used to scrub SO2 from the burning of fossil fuels, and the resulting product is converted to ammonium sulfate for use as fertilizer.
8.As a fuel - The raw energy density of liquid ammonia is 11.5 MJ/L,which is about a third that of diesel
|As a stimulant||Ammonia, as the vapor released by smelling salts, has found significant use as a respiratory stimulant. Ammonia is commonly used in the illegal manufacture of methamphetamine through a Birch reduction|
|Textile||Liquid ammonia is used for treatment of cotton materials, giving properties like mercerisation, using alkalis. In particular, it is used for prewashing of wool|
|Lifting gas||At standard temperature and pressure, ammonia is less dense than atmosphere, and has approximately 60% of the lifting power of hydrogen or helium. Ammonia has sometimes been used to fill weather balloons as a lifting gas|
|Woodworking||Ammonia has been used to darken quartersawn white oak in Arts & Crafts and Mission-style furniture. Ammonia fumes react with the natural tannins in the wood and cause it to change colours|