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|Appearance::||Colorless Gas||CAS No.:||630-08-0|
|Cylinders Volume::||40L And 50L||Grade Standard:||Electron Grade Industrial Grade|
|Application:||Electronics Equipment,transformer,refrigerating Fluid||Purity::||99.9%~99.999%|
|Air & Water Reactions:||Highly Flammable||Package::||Seamless Steel Cylinders|
|Flammability Range (in Air):||Flammable||Other Names:||Carbon Monooxide Carbonous Oxide Carbon(II) Oxide Carbonyl Flue Gas Monoxide|
CO Carbon Monoxide Gas Flammable , Odorless Tasteless Colorless Gas
Electronic Gases Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air. It is toxic to hemoglobic animals (including humans) when encountered in concentrations above about 35 ppm, although it is also produced in normal animal metabolism in low quantities, and is thought to have some normal biological functions. In the atmosphere, it is spatially variable and short lived, having a role in the formation of ground-level ozone.
Carbon monoxide consists of one carbon atom and one oxygen atom, connected by a triple bond that consists of two covalent bonds as well as one dative covalent bond. It is the simplest oxocarbon and is isoelectronic with the cyanide anion, the nitrosonium cation and molecular nitrogen. In coordination complexes the carbon monoxide ligand is called carbonyl.
Contact with the liquid can cause severe frostbite. Less dense than air. Easily ignited and a flame can flash back to the source of a leak very easily. Burns with a violet flame. Under prolonged exposure to fire or intense heat the containers may rupture violently and rocket. CARBON MONOXIDE is used in organic synthesis, metallurgy, and a fuel.
Contact of very cold liquefied gas with water may result in vigorous or violent boiling and extremely rapid vaporization. If the water is hot, a liquid "superheat" explosion may occur. Pressures may build to dangerous levels if the liquid contacts water in a closed container [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980]. Reacts explosively with bromine trifluoride at high temperatures or concentrations [Mellor 2, Supp. 1:166 1956]. The same is true for various oxidizers such as: chlorine dioxide, oxygen (liquid), peroxodisulfuryl difluoride. Reacts with lithium to give lithium carbonyl, which detonates violently with water, igniting the gaseous products [Mellor 2, Supp 2:84 1961]. Potassium and sodium metals behave similarly. Cesium oxide, iron(III) oxide, and silver oxide all react, in the presence of moisture, at ambient temperatures with carbon monoxide causing ignition, [Mellor, 1941, vol. 2, 487].
Toxic; Extremely Hazardous. Inhalation extremely dangerous; may be fatal. Contact with gas or liquefied gas may cause burns, severe injury and/or frostbite. Odorless, will not be detected by sense of smell.
Extremely flammable. May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Flame may be invisible. Containers may explode when heated. Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Vapors from liquefied gas are initially heavier than air and spread along ground. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.
1. Physical properties
|Specific volume @ +70°F (+21.1°C)||13.81 ft3/lb, 0.86 m3/kg|
|Flammability range||12.5% to 74.2% in air|
|Critical pressure||507.47 psia, 34.99 bar|
|Critical temperature||-220.4°F, -140.2°C|
|Specific gravity @ 70°F, 1 atm (Air=1)||0.967|
2. Typical technical data (COA)
|Carbon Dioxide (CO2)||<10.0|
|THC (as Methane) (CH4)||<0.5|
|Cylinder||Valve Outlet Options||SCF||Liters||PSIG||BAR|
|1||Carbon Monoxide is used in a variety of applications including silicon-nitride-over-silicon etch to increase selectivity, as a source of oxygen in oxidation , .|
|2.||As a source of carbon in certain doping processes. Carbon Monoxide is a colorless, odorless, flammable toxic gas with a TLV of 25 ppm.|
|3||Carbon Monoxide is stable with respect to decomposition.|